Zamboanga in the early 1900's

Zamboanga harbor


Causeway from Zamboanga to Morotown

Annual Celebration of Shrine of Nuestra Senora del Pilar on the north wall of Ft. Pilar

Main Street of Zamboanga c1900

Isidoro Midel and Datu Mandi in 1899

    The two combined to defeat and oust the Philippine Revolutionary forces, who had seized control of Zamboanga following the evacuation of the Spanish Army. Their amicable and forward-looking rule provided a stable, multi-cultural environment for the U.S. to make Zamboanga its headquarters for the length of the American presence.

   U.S. Army Headquarters, Department of Mindanao and Sulu

Post Canal

View from Headquarters: Stand for first celebration of July 4, 1900

Department of Mindanao and Sulu Headquarters c1900

General William Kobbe and staff - Major John J. Pershing 2nd from left-1900

General & Governor's Residence, 1902 until destroyed by bombing WWII

Pettit Barracks

Army - YMCA Club

Officer's Quarters

Officer's Club

A Waterfront Hotel

The Moro Exchange - Major Finley's market

Capt. John J. Pershing (left) Datu Mandi (bottom left) General George W. Davis (right), c1902

General Tasker Bliss (center) & Staff c1907 (behind ship's cat)

                  Industrial School for boys c1902                    Sheik Mustafa Ahmid, Muslim educator, 1915

"Tuan Mas" Major John Finley (Datu Mandi to his left)

    Finley was the District Governor for Zamboanga from 1903 to 1912. Flamboyant and consumed by ego, he was a consummate self-promoter and intriguer. Finley got along well with General Wood and Governor-General Forbes but was at constant odds with Bliss and Pershing. He insisted the Moros address him by the Chinese honorific "Tuan Mas" (Great Chief). In 1913, having been fired from his position by Pershing, he concocted a bizarre scheme (with Wood's secret support and the approval of outgoing President Taft) to have the Pasha of Turkey designate a Muslim Imam as the new supreme religious leader of all the Moros, a "Sherif over all Sherifs", and Finley  his special "advisor". Newly-arrived Governor-General Harrison sent both the Sherif and Finley packing.

Frank Carpenter, the first civilian and last American Governor of Moro Province (wearing skimmer) in 1914. flanked by Hadji Butu and the Sultan of Sulu Kiram II