The Bates Mission: Persuasion (continued)

     On this page are photographs taken during a second short voyage north from Jolo to Basilan the next day, August 2, 1899; this time on the much larger and more impressive USS Charleston. The objective was to cement relations with two important datus. Datu Mandi, who's following encompassed more than half of all Moros living on the Zamboanga Peninsula, travelled to Basilan by a small boat to offer his assistance to the Americans in dislodging the Christian "insurrectos" from the town of Zamboanga. This meeting was followed by one with Datu Kalun, who controlled the island of Basilan with an iron hand. Kalun was formerly a Christian convict from the north named Pedro Cuevas who nearly thirty years earlier had escaped imprisonment by the Spanish in Zamboanga, fled to Basilan, converted to Islam, and inherited the name and title of an important Muslim leader he had killed and confronted in a one-on-one battle to the death.

(Photos below from the US Army Military History Institute's Dinwiddie Collection)

                     Datu Mandi arrives by a small boat                                  Charlie Schuck, General Bates,

                  (note American flag tucked in blouse)                      Cdr. Pigman, captain of the Charleston

General Bates and Datu Kalun on catwalk of the Charleston

    General Bates, center, appears to be pondering  a question raised by Datu Kalun, standing beside him, the most powerful man on Basilan. Datu Kalun was a Christian convert to Islam, formerly known as Pedro Cuevas. Dr. Bourns is to the left of Bates, and Charlie Schuck (head only visible) beside Kalun, an unknown Army officer, a follower of Kalun, and Lt. Reeve. Note that all officers wore tropic dress whites for the occasion.

The "grandstand" for a firepower demonstration

Datu Kalun, next to Charlie Schuck, watches the smaller guns firing

Sailors demonstrate a rapid-fire gun with Datu Kalun watching

Major (Colonel of Volunteers) Owen Sweet of the 23rd Infantry Regiment