Pershing's Lake Lanao Campaigns (continued)

The Battle of Bacolod - May 6-8, 1903

    Probably the largest pavilion at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair was that of the Philippine Islands, sponsored by the Bureau of Insular Affairs of the War Department. It showcased the "jewel in the crown" of the new American Empire. Complete full-scale replicas were made of villages of many of the various Philippine ethnic groups, including a "Moro Village". Native flora, fauna and large amounts of handicrafts and goods were brought as well. Several hundreds of Filipinos, including Moros, were brought to the U.S. for periods of six up to twelve months to construct and then "staff", i.e.: be the villagers in the displays. In addition more than one hundred Moros attended the Fair, either at government expense or on their own account. Masterminded by Secretary of War and former Governor General of the Philippines William Howard Taft, little expense was spared at the Government Pavilions.

    One of the most popular souvenirs sold at the Fair was a booklet of twelve bound photographs with hand-written captions taken by amateur photographer Chaplain George D. Rice of the 27th Infantry Regiment during the assault on the cotta of the Sultan of Bacolod on April 6, 1903. The sales price of the booklet in 2007 dollars would be equal to $25.00, and the proceeds were used "to purchase library books, etc. for the 27th Infantry." The booklet added additional luster to the fame of Captain John J. Pershing, by then back in the U.S. and attached to the Army General Staff in Washington, DC. The booklet shown below (in actual size) is a part of the Photographic Collections of the Library of Congress.

Poster for a fund raiser by Chaplain Rice at Camp Columbia in Cuba in 1906