The Battle of Bud Bagsak - June 11-15, 1913
The Rodney Affair and Disarmament Campaign which led up to the battle
Lt. Rodney's killer, lying dead on Asturias Road
Another dead attacker on an unrelated attack on the Sergeant of the Guard at Asturias Gate three days later
More than 5,000 firearms were turned in during the second bounty offer, but most were old or obsolete. Defeating the purpose of the bounty, the Tausugs used the money to buy new high-powered, bolt action rifles from arms dealers in nearby Singapore - in effect rearming. Above are weapons either turned in or confiscated in Lanao District.
Two Moro soldiers of the 52nd Company Philippine Scouts, with Springfield M1903 rifles and "bolo" bayonets.
52nd Company Philippine Scouts in 1912 (Library of Congress)
Beginning in 1907, the number of American soldiers in Moroland was steadily and deliberately reduced by a build up in Philippine Scouts. The Scouts consisted of Filipino enlisted ranks with American officers. The officers consisted of volunteers from the Regular Army, from both commissioned and non-commissioned ranks, who were given special four-year temporary commissions. By 1912 Scouts outnumbered Army Regulars by 4 to 1 and the Regular Army's role had reverted to being a backup reserve. Being a Scout officer was quite attractive. It invariably meant a temporary promotion of one or two rungs for a Regular officer and a commission for a sergeant, all at the Regular pay scale and full credit for their temporary rank at retirement. It also was where the action was. Filipino soldiers also had major incentives. They were recruited into companies organized by native language or dialect and received far higher pay, allowances, and benefits than their counterparts in the Constabulary. Pershing received permission from General Bell to form the first two (and only) all-Moro Scout companies; the 51st (Maguindanaos from Cotabato) and the 52nd (Maranaos from Lanao). Since the Moro Constabulary had long been distinguished by the red fez, the Moro Scouts adopted its own distinctive brimless headgear (in photos above) copied from that of British Muslim troops in India and Malaya.